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Fiber Bragg grating for shallow landslide triggering detection

on November 1, 2017

Shallow landslides pose a serious threat to structures situated in a close proximity. The most dangerous are some flow-like landslides that travel at significant rates for long distances. The detaching area is the starting point for flowslides that erode and engage large amounts of soil along their path and may discharge a great impact energy to engineering structures.

The detection of landslide triggers has been an important issue for many years; significant efforts have been undertaken to understand the mechanisms responsible for landslide triggering, as well as to identify the first signs of soil instability. This information will aid in the development and implementation of effective early warning systems. Among triggering factors for landslide are slope saturation, groundwater seepage, excavation, erosional processes, seismic action, etc. All these factors increase shear stress and pore water pressure, that in turn cause sliding surfaces due to high strain in the sliding mass. The strain increases with the approach of flowsliders; the strain increases exponentially as the landslide approaches. Soil instability follows, which causes the erosion.

Therefore, strain is the most important parameter for landslide monitoring. In the recent years, fiber optic technology has attracted significant interest due to the multiple advantages that it provides. Fiber optic strain sensors are already widely used in geotechnical applications, including landslide monitoring. recently, the results of experiments involving FBG strain sensors have revealed that FBG sensors can be successfully used for measuring strain in the soil since it is possible to effectively couple the fiber cable with the soil.

One of the most attractive attributes of FBG strain sensors for landslide triggering detection is that FBG sensors do not interfere with the phenomenon that they are designated to monitor.

Optromix, Inc. is a U.S. manufacturer of innovative fiber optic products for global market, based in Cambridge, MA. Our team always strives to provide the most technologically advanced fiber optic solutions for our clients.

Optromix is a fast-growing vendor of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) products line: fiber Bragg grating sensors, FBG interrogators, and multiplexers, Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS) systems. We create and supply a broad variety of top-notch fiber optic solutions for monitoring of various facilities all over the world.

If you are interested in Optromix FBG strain sensors, please contact us at

editorFiber Bragg grating for shallow landslide triggering detection

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